Three common psychological factors of school violence
In some cases, it can lead to adolescent bad behavior.
The first is “psychological innocence.”
Classmate Zhang, male, 14 years old, second grade in middle school.
This classmate was born in “Shuxiangmendi”. His mother was an excellent middle school teacher, and he was disciplined since childhood.
Xiao Zhang is a key outstanding student from elementary school to junior high school.
He is quiet and gentle, and is an honest and obedient child in the eyes of relatives and school teachers.
But in the past two years, three startling incidents have occurred.
First, a female passenger’s skirt was cut off for no reason at the side of the bus. She was educated and arrested for several days at the police station, and then released by her mother.
The second one, after a few days, I claimed to buy a bicycle with unknown origin for 10 yuan, and sold it to others at the same price one week later, and was again summoned by the police.
After a few months, he followed a classmate to steal from the residents’ home.
After being arrested, he asked him why he had stolen. Xiao Zhang replied without thinking: “I know that stealing is illegal.
Because he is my friend and classmate, don’t be embarrassed “,” I don’t want to steal anyway “.
This presents the characteristics of “ignorance” and “play” crimes-crimes that lack deep motivation and planning, and do not seek material satisfaction.
At the psychological center examination, Zhang was normal in appearance, middle-to-high IQ, and no psychopathological symptoms; however, he found that the psychological development was immature, the ideas were naive and simple, the level of psychological understanding was low, there was no ideal pursuit, and no mature self-consciousness.
This is a classic example of the crime of “psychological innocence”.
After psychological counseling, inspection, counselling, teacher assistance, and family education, the family gradually improved, and no more similar behaviors occurred.
Mistakes continue to be difficult problems. The second is “anti-social personality defects.”
Xiao Wei, male, 17th grade, senior.
He was active in his childhood, did not observe discipline in class, sometimes got up and walked back and forth for no reason in the classroom, shouted screaming, the teacher’s repeated illegal education was invalid, and his parents often received teacher complaints.
After entering junior high school, he developed into beatings with impulse, irritable temper, and did not know the fear and danger. His nickname was “Little Overlord”.
Recently, there have been many accidents in a row: using a knife to flirt and chase a female student’s fingers, the blood is like injection.
The next day I pushed another student off the platform and noticed the whole school.
Disturbing in the classroom, overturning the iron accessory, crushing others, and causing death.
Later, it was found that Xiaowei was lawless from an early age, mischievous, and repeatedly making mistakes.
It is disturbing that repeated teachings do not change, re-faced in person, do not change afterwards, repeated teachings and repeated offenses, and do their own thing, can not control their own behavior.
His parents wept for him, and he had been scolded and scolded, and he was fine beside him.
He had seen a psychologist when he was young and suspected that he had “hyperactivity disorder.”
This is a very likely case.
The problem is that the boy did not make big mistakes and kept making small mistakes. His minor disciplinary actions were not criminal enough and he could not be punished by justice.
The existing school system lacks effective means of education punishment, teachers’ education is ineffective, and the effectiveness of counseling is poor, which has become a difficult problem in the field of education.
In the end, I want to be an example of Shanghai. This is a case of a minor crime. I repeatedly sent it to the “work school” for correction, and it turned out to be a successful example of effective education.
Xiaoying, girl, 15 years old, junior high school student.
Xiaoying’s parents divorced before the age of 6 and were raised by her father.
His father was a businessman and often went out to do business, allowing Xiaoying to live and study alone.
Because of lack of discipline and warmth of her parents since childhood, she lived casually, loved vanity and dressing up, wasted money, and did not study hard.
Since the first year of high school, he has stolen classmates’ money, had sex with her boyfriend, had sex, and had an abortion.
School education was invalid, for fear of her committing another crime, she was sent to “work school” to study and discipline.
This is a special boarding school.Students stay in the school all the time and work part-time and half-time. Half of the courses are in ordinary schools, and the other half are light labor or collective recreational sports.
Xiaoying has performed well in school for two years. She left school early and was admitted to high school. She was then admitted to an ordinary university and performed well.
This shows that juvenile delinquency, especially minor offenses, should be dealt with, controlled early, and taken special measures to cut off the source of the crime in order to effectively stop re-offending.
Crime is an inevitable problem in society. Its responsibility lies not with parents and schools, but the key lies in correct handling.
Concerns about the harmfulness of society to school violence have a long history. At least the following social hazards must be recognized and rectified.
Private parties are just one form of bad behavior on campus. There are two major types of bad behavior: first, disciplinary violations-violations of school discipline and school rules, fights, gatherings, troubles, accumulation, drinking, early love, rogueCustomary behaviors, theft, deception, surrounded by “Yellow Poison” and “Private Party” and so on.
Second, illegal acts-theft, rape, prostitution, wounding, murder, private party gangs and other crimes.
According to the data from the Shanghai survey, the frequency of occurrence is roughly 1%.
Adolescents are not adults, their psychological behavior is immature, they have a high chance of sporadic crimes, and they are not harmful to society. They are not suitable for adopting adult laws.
There is a long way to go in their lives. Youth protection laws exist in all countries, the purpose of which is to save more, to be lenient, and to let them be human again.
Unfortunately, existing schools lack effective measures to correct smoking cessation for minor bad behaviors and crimes, counselling is not effective enough, and management is difficult.
For special families, special parents (such as divorced, orphans, special-character children, etc.) do not adopt social isolation, closed school education, education difficulties, resulting in poor results.
”Working school” is a special education that specializes in “problem students”.
The school adopts a closed education system, and all students live in a semi-military collective life.
The education curriculum is the same as that of ordinary schools and the study abroad system.
The education team consists of teachers (specially caring people, experienced in moral education), police officers, officers of the Ministry of Civil Affairs, psychological counselors, volunteers, etc.
Combining teaching and management, combining leniency and strictness, to ensure the comprehensive development of students in moral, intellectual, and physical labor.
Problem students are appointed by each school.
For those who have problems with moral conduct and repeatedly teach difficult to change, and those who have committed minor crimes and have not committed serious crimes, they must receive preventive discipline and receive education.
The period of education or boarding school can be from one to three years, depending on the moral performance of students.
After leaving school, society should not discriminate and have the same academic qualifications.
This kind of education has been incorporated in China and Shanghai for 10 to 20 years, with good results.